Possible expansion of industry leads groups linked to state property: in perspective, the new economic model of the reform, if it is successful, supposes that groups of workers, specialists, officials and directors of state and mixed companies arrive in this fringe, which it will industry leads strengthen within it sectors whose location depends on the state link. - Qualitative predominance of social property: social layers are not configured in a vacuum, but in a context industry leads of predominance of state property that maintains hegemony in the national economy. It is true that this is a controversial factor,
Since in the Cuban socialist experience industry leads state property has not been efficient and, on the other hand, its real "social" condition is questioned, given the reproduction of alienation mechanisms, due to its flaws. of participation and its weaknesses to provide well-being, via industry leads income, to workers25. However, the current reform, at least in theory, declares the purpose of perfecting social property through the autonomy of state companies and citizen participation in economic decision-making and wage reform.26. This would be a critical industry leads factor for the deployment of the modernizing potential of the middle layers.
From a practical point of view, this industry leads new socio-structural configuration has a double value: on a positive note, it supposes an improvement in economic terms for a segment of the population that has not yet been calculated, but that could be around 23% of the population.27. The industry leads condition of autonomy of this segment would allow a redesign of social policy in terms of moving towards a critical universalism or sensitive to diversity. In the industry leads case of Cuba, this means concentrating the scope of universal mechanisms on essential goods that are anchored in equality (education and health),