However, the Nation's first "campers"-the pioneers who migrated west by covered wagon train in the early to late 1800s-did not have today's luxuries and travel was not quite so easy. Aside from the rough journey of traveling by oxen-pulled wagon and walking great distances, travel was slow, and roads that were only rough dirt pathsto begin with often ended abruptly and detours were needed. Although pioneers did not have to pay the high cost of gasoline, they did have the challenge of keeping themselves and their livestock alive-particularly the oxen that pulled the wagons.
Time was another important factor in wagon train journeys, as settlers tried to reach their destinations before winter. We enjoy a coast-to-coast drive within a few days, with our RVs temperature controlled. The covered wagon made 8 to 20 miles per day depending upon weather, roadway conditions and the health of the travelers. It could take up to six months or longer to reach their destination.
Broken axles from ruts in the trails were a major problem, but many travelers brought along a spare, just as we are equipped with a spare tire. Without it, the wagon would be abandoned and other travelers would assist the family until the wagon train reached a town to purchase another.
In April 2002, the Public Broadcasting Station showed Frontier House where three families lived the frontier life for five months. The DVDs of the program are available for sale or from your local library. The project, an educational mini-series filmed the families' daily lives and survival as 1883 settlers. Experience the bumpy covered wagon journey to their destination as we get a first hand look at how our ancestors traveled on primitive paths and roads, and often no roads at all.
Free Book This short teacher's guide will explain the literacy piece and the creation of the actual covered wagon. (Each wagon is made from a 9" x 12" piece of regular cardboard.) You'll also find suggestions for how to decorate the "wagon trail" you'll being using for the races.
The Big Trail is a film of immense scope, even by today's standards. Chronicling a covered wagon train's journey on the Oregon Trail - which ran from Missouri to the northern part of Oregon. It's a simple enough premise, but the catch here is that the film was shot on location outside of Santa Fe, New Mexico, which was a big deal for the time. Due to being shot in New Mexican desert instead of on a soundstage, there's apalpable sense of authenticity running through the proceedings. Even though this film firmly places itself within the mythic version of the frontier, instead of striving for an accurate portrayal of what life in the West was like. However, as part of this mythic frontier ideal, the landscape is photographed with a sense of grandiosity and reverence, which is only bolstered by the decision to shoot the film in 70mm (a 35mm version exists, but for this installment of Fresh Eyes I saw the 70mm cut, which is 20 minutes longer).
The ensemble cast for this film is large, which made it difficult to remember how everyone is connected to everyone else, other than being all part of the same wagon train. For his first lead role, Wayne is not completely unwatchable as Breck Coleman, a cowboy who scouts out the wilderness for the wagon train, making sure it is safe to pass. Most of what Wayne was asked to do in this film boils down to; sit on a horse, look pretty, point, and recite his lines. Luckily he performs all these tasks with sufficient charisma. It's a simple character, but has understandable motivations for pushing across the frontier on his own. One reason, not surprisingly, is a woman, Ruth Cameron (Marguerite Churchill). Ruth's character is one dimensional at best, and serves as an object of desire for Coleman and Bill Thorpe (Ian Keith), a gambler from Louisiana, to fight over. The remainder of the cast are just background characters, serving as little more than set dressing. The only exception is a family of stereotyped Swedes who take up way too much screen time with their pratfalls and vaudevillian antics. I was easily able to forgive this though, as Charlie Chaplin was still at the height of his popularity at this time and the antics are actually pretty entertaining, despite the stereotypes.
But after making trailside repairs, the Bucks persevered, becoming the first wagon travelers in more than a century to complete a crossing of the trail. Rinker tells the story of their epic adventure in The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey.
The Donner Party originated from Springfield, Illinois, and departed Independence, Missouri, on the Oregon Trail in the spring of 1846, behind many other pioneer families who were attempting to make the same overland trip. The journey west usually took between four and six months, but the Donner Party was slowed after electing to follow a new route called the Hastings Cutoff, which bypassed established trails and instead crossed the Rocky Mountains' Wasatch Range and the Great Salt Lake Desert in present-day Utah. The desolate and rugged terrain, and the difficulties they later encountered while traveling along the Humboldt River in present-day Nevada, resulted in the loss of many cattle and wagons, and divisions soon formed within the group.
None of the party had any remaining faith in the Hastings Cutoff as they recovered at the springs on the other side of the desert.[F] They spent several days trying to recover cattle, retrieve the wagons left in the desert, and transfer their food and supplies to other wagons.[G] Reed's family incurred the heaviest losses, and Reed became more assertive, asking all the families to submit an inventory of their goods and food to him. He suggested that two men should go to Sutter's Fort in California; he had heard that John Sutter was exceedingly generous to wayward pioneers and could assist them with extra provisions. Charles Stanton and William McCutchen volunteered to undertake the dangerous trip. The remaining serviceable wagons were pulled by mongrel teams of cows, oxen, and mules. It was the middle of September, and two young men who went in search of missing oxen reported that another 40 miles (64 km) of desert lay ahead.
The Oregon Trail is an educational strategy video game developed and published by the Minnesota Educational Computing Consortium (MECC). It was first released in 1985 for the Apple II, with later ports to DOS in 1990, Mac OS in 1991, and Microsoft Windows in 1993. It was created as a re-imagining of the popular text-based game of the same name, originally created in 1971 and published by MECC in 1975. In the game, the player assumes the role of a wagon leader guiding a party of settlers from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon's Willamette Valley via a covered wagon on the Oregon Trail in 1848. Along the trail, the player makes choices about supplies, resource management, and the route, and deals with hunting for food, crossing rivers, and random events such as storms and disease.
The classic Conestoga wagon with its bent wood bows, cloth cover, and downward curved wagon box had its origin in Southeastern Pennsylvania during the Colonial era as a farm and freight wagon. Later, on the Oregon Trail, California Trail, and other Western trails, Conestoga wagons and other covered wagons were used to transport families and household goods to new homes all over the West.
This is a classic example of a sheep wagon, which served as the living quarters of Western sheepherders from the 1880s to the present day. The sheep wagon is basically a modified farm wagon. Wide shelves were extended outward from the tops of the sides to form benches. A bed, table, and stove were also placed inside the wagon. A box for food supplies was attached to the outside of the wagon, but a hole was cut into the side of the wagon to make the food accessible from inside. The top was covered with canvas, although it was frequently lined with blankets, sheet metal, or other materials to stiffen and insulate this home on wheels.
Journalist Rinker Buck wanted to find out. He and his brother Nick hitched a covered wagon to mules and set off to retrace what's left of the westward path traveled by thousands of 19th-century pioneers.
The trip was an adventure in discovering myself relative to my brother, and how many foibles you bring along from your old life that you realize when you're on a covered wagon trip crossing the entire Oregon trail you don't need.
In March 1844 Henry joined a group of pioneers who called themselves The Independent Colony. A month later, the family, including their six children: John 14, Frank 12, Catherine 9, Elizabeth 7, Matilda 5, and Louisa 3 years old, crossed the Missouri River and started out on the 2,000-mile journey along the Oregon Trail. The wagon train included 300 people in 72 covered wagons.
My littles (preschool, kindergarten, and first grade) LOVED making a covered wagon out of our red wagon with pool noodles and a sheet. They had a great time using it as a pretend play prop along with a pretend campfire and lantern. We followed these directions from Line Upon Line Learning.
Covered wagons were vehicles designed to transport cargo and people on tedious trips across untamed frontier land. The covered wagon consisted of a wooden bed covered by canvas stretched over wooden hoops riding on top of iron-covered wooden wheels and iron axels.
Covered wagons had two main purposes: transporting people with their belongings and supplies on long journeys and hauling cargo across difficult terrain. Some covered wagons were designed to be lightweight enough to be pulled by horses or oxen yet sturdy enough to haul the items that frontier families needed for long-term survival.
A prairie schooner wagon was a specific type of covered wagon that people commonly used to travel on long journeys to the Western United States because it was lightweight and could make the journey in less time. The name ''prairie schooner'' comes from the white-colored canvas used on these types of wagons which resembled the sails of a popular sailing vessel of the time, the schooner. Other covered wagons were heavier and sturdier with the intended purpose of hauling freight. 2b1af7f3a8